Sunday, 29 July 2018

Dartmoor: South Down, Meldon

Exposed rock above the bridleway on South Down
Exposed rock above the bridleway on South Down

Rising to 375m, South Down stretches along the left bank of Meldon Reservoir. It's an area of private land with a bridleway, running on its north-western edge, being its only public access.

I would loved to have experienced the West Okement Valley in its former state. Sadly, I have yet to see a single photograph that presents it as the wondrous location that those who do remember claim it to be. The river, from source to Vellake Corner (arguably its best section) has not been affected, and the lower reaches below the dam had already been heavily quarried a long time before construction.

Whilst still impressive, the reservoir affects the visual height of South Down and surely it would have been a more dramatic mass before the valley floor was lost below the waterline.

South Down itself, when you look closely, possesses numerous modest emergent outcrops, barely breaking the surface, but visible evidence of a line of metamorphic rock that can be followed from the spur beside the dam wall to beyond the southern extremities of Sourton Tors. I'll admit their stature makes me reluctant to name the ones I encountered, but for the purposes of describing them in this post, I have done so.

Please note that the main bulk of South Down, to the south of the spur, is on private land but the bridleway running along its west flank is not enclosed.

Public Bridleway beside South Down
Public Bridleway beside South Down

South Down (spur) - SX 5630 9175


At the northern end, just above the dam wall, there is its most spectacular section; a spur that has been separated from the rest of South Down, by the access road to the reservoir. This section provides an opportunity to see the geology beneath the down, with a huge exposed cutting just before you cross the dam wall.

Cut wall beside Meldon Reservoir
Cutting in South Down (spur) beside the dam wall
From Meldon Viaduct, looking back to the dam, you get a good view of South Down (spur). The mound is right above the car park and easily accessed.

Meldon Dam and exposed rock on South Down Spur
Meldon Dam and South Down (spur) from Meldon Viaduct
On its summit, there is exposed rock, albeit very low. From this vantage point, you see further exposure across the down as it drops then rises in a south-west direction.

Exposed rock on South Down Spur
South Down (spur)
Whilst the outcrop on the summit of the spur is of little merit, its better outcrops jut from the steep slopes above the West Okement, the remnants of a huge ravine. To reach them is difficult, I tried and I wouldn't recommend it, especially when they are best viewed from both the dam and the opposite slopes.

Lower slopes of South Down Spur
Lower slopes of South Down (spur)
South Down Spur
South Down (spur) lower outcrops
Standing below on the left bank, looking up, you see an overhang that appears tantalisingly within reach, but the combination of bracken, gorse and gradient make the route perilous.

South Down (north-east) - SX 5609 9165

Hiding off the ridge, facing the reservoir, this is the best of the outcrops you can reach. The largest and lowest of the outcrops on the ridge of South Down. It sits just above the track that led to the old permissive footpath.

South Down (north-east)
South Down (north-east)

South Down (lower) - SX 5600 9160

Consists of two exposed sections close to each other; one along the ridge line and another just below, looking towards the reservoir.

South Down (lower)
South Down (lower)
South Down (lower)
South Down (lower)

South Down (middle) - SX 5591 9150

Where a line of trees is met along the footpath, up on the ridge can be seen a collection of, compared to the summit, larger outcrops.

South Down (middle)
South Down (middle)
South Down (middle)
South Down (middle)

South Down Top (north) - SX 5565 9137

Just off the highest point of the down, and either side of a ruined wall, this section has low exposed rock and fragmented boulders.

South Down Top (north)
South Down Top (north)
South Down Top (north)
South Down Top (north)


South Down (south-east) - SX 5568 9094 (estimate)

Hard to believe it has been over seven years since the path along the western side of Meldon Reservoir was closed off to the public when an access agreement between Dartmoor National Park Authority and the landowner ended.

No Entry
No entry

It's a shame because this permissive path, which went from Vellake Corner to the car park, created a very pleasant circular walk around the reservoir of about three and a half kilometres.

South Down (south-east)
South Down (south-east)

Those who remember it, as I do, will know that half a kilometre along its route, you passed under a large outcrop and fallen boulders at about SX 5568 9094. For the purposes of this post I have called them South Down (south-east). If only I had taken a photo back on the couple of occasions I walked it. Nowadays, the only legal way to view the outcrop is from the slopes of Homerton or Longstone Hills on the other side of the reservoir.

South Down (south-east)
South Down (south-east)

South Down Top (south) - SX 555 911 (estimate)

And finally, we come to the last outcrop in this post. The presence of someone I took to be tending the cattle deterred me from visiting the summit when I passed below on the public footpath, so my only view of this scruffy pile was from a field boundary wall about a kilometre to the south.

Zoom view of South Down Top (south)
South Down Top (south)


Relive 'South Down & Meldon Reservoir'